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Top Ten Unisex/Gender Neutral Baby Names
Terminology[ edit ] Several alternative terms are in use for unisex public toilets: All-gender toilets, gender neutral toilets, gender free toilets or all-user toilets. This term is generally used when talking about the larger toilet cubicle with handrails etc. The sinks in the foreground would be shared by all users. The smaller toilet is for children. Types[ edit ] Some unisex public toilets are designed to be used by people with disabilities. Many public toilets have either individual or gender-neutral facilities. They can accommodate people with disabilities, elderly persons who may require assistance from a carer of another gender, or other cases where public gender-segregated facilities might lead to discomfort. Unisex public toilets are also common in cases where space is limited, such as in aircraft lavatories and passenger train toilets. Several types can be distinguished: The single occupancy facility where only one single room or enclosure is provided. This room could be used by several people at once, e. Multi-user facilities which are open to all and where users may either share sinks in an open area or each have their own sink in their private cubicle, stall or room. The re-labelling of existing multi-cubicle public toilets, with no real change. For example at the Barbican Centre. Toilets[ edit ] Provided that more than one toilet is available in unisex restrooms, toilets are accommodated in enclosed cubicles as in sex-segregated toilets. To ensure visual privacy, these should be provided with floor-to-ceiling walls. Urinals[ edit ] While toilets are usually located in cubicles with lockable doors, urinals are usually installed freely in rows in gender-separated toilet rooms. This construction leads to a smaller space consumption and thus to more possibilities for urinating, with hygienic and economic reasons as a main advantage of urinals. Urinals have primarily been offered in men's toilets, with female urinals being only a niche product so far. Abolishing all urinals would reduce inequality, however, this would also sacrifice the advantages of urinal. Another possibility would be to offer separate male and female urinals or unisex urinals that can be used by men and women alike, which allows increased flexibility of use. However, this would raise the problem of arrangement. One option would be to continue to offer urinals in rows, with separation by screens. However, it is questionable whether the less private sphere, compared to cubilce toilets, would be met with acceptance. Due to socio-cultural conventions, the open, joint use of urinals by men and women currently is inacceptable for many users. An alternative would be to accommodate urinals for both sexes in cubicles or to continue to offer them only to men. However, this would at least limit the above-mentioned advantages of urinals. Urinals arranged in cubiciles often could not prevail in previous concepts; the advantages over conventional toilets were not obvious due to the unreduced space requirement. In the unisex toilets planned for Austin Texas in , the urinals would be located in an area separated from the entrance by a door. These are designed as unisex urinals and would be arranged in open rows within this area. Better use of available space[ edit ] Unisex toilet with urinal in a Japanese Shinkansen express train. Especially where space is limited, the double design of the sanitary facilities is not possible or only possible to a limited extent. Unisex toilets are often used in many public transport systems, such as rail vehicles or airplanes. Women spend more time in toilet rooms than men, for physiological and cultural reasons. Urinary tract infections and incontinence are more common in women. Women are twice as likely than men to have urinary tract infections, causing them to use the toilet more frequently. This is an issue with respect to the human right to water and sanitation and also from the perspective of the Sustainable Development Goal 6 , which aim for universal access to sanitation and gender equality. Parents of small children also face a dilemma if they want to accompany their small opposite sex child to the toilet. It has been argued that "walking into a toilet segregated by sex requires that each of us in effect self-segregate" and that some transgender people report being challenged on what public toilet they choose to use and subsequently "do their best to forego use of public toilets altogether". Transgender people often face harassment based on their choice in public toilets regardless of whether they use the toilet room corresponding to their gender identity or their sex assigned at birth , which has led many activists in the transgender community to call for legal protection for people wishing to use restrooms which most accurately reflect their gender identity. Others have questioned the need for gender-based toilet segregation in the first place. In addition to transgender issues, those questioning the need for gendered bathrooms cite dilemmas caused by the need for caretakers of dependents who include children , the elderly , and the mentally and physically disabled to enter the toilet room used by their charge, regardless of which toilet rooms they may use themselves. Some advocates of these laws claim that transgender people, or men claiming to be transgender, will be responsible for sexual assault in public toilets matching their gender identity. Transgender and gender non-conforming persons also may be subject to embarrassment, harassment, or even assault or arrest by others offended by the presence of a person they interpret as being of a different anatomical sex to themselves. For instance, the Transgender Law Center's "Peeing in Peace" is a pamphlet that serves as a resource guide full of information on harassment, safe bathroom campaigns, legal information, and more. Legal constraints[ edit ] Building laws in some states require that toilets be physically separated for both sexes, making unisex toilets virtually illegal. In the USA, especially in large cities and at universities, unisex toilets have been increasingly put into operation since Comfort and safety in developing countries settings[ edit ] In developing countries , most of the organizations active in water, sanitation and hygiene WASH provision have asserted in the past that separate toilets for boys and girls at school are very important to make girls feel comfortable and safe using the sanitation facilities at schools. WaterAid is researching options of appropriate unisex public toilets in developing countries. In they stated that those kinds of gender-neutral toilets, where people can access all toilets irrespective of their gender, is not recommended in contexts where it may increase the risk of violence against women or transgender people, or where it is deemed culturally inappropriate. However, this is still being debated and may reinforce stigma and result in people being banned from accessing the toilets of the gender they identify with. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. May Learn how and when to remove this template message The unisex toilets are met with opposition especially from the conservative side, for instance from the Christian conservative Alliance Defending Freedom. For instance, Alex Jones regards the unisex toilet as a major threat to public morality. However, it was not until November 19, that Shanghai China opened its first public unisex toilet near the Zhangjiabin River in a park, in the Pudong district. Many of these toilets have opened in high-traffic areas for the convenience of users as opposed to existing for the benefit of those in need of a gender neutral toilet, for example sexual minorities or those who are disabled. This resulted around 30 locations opening unisex public toilets. The judges said the government must make sure that they have access to medical care and other facilities like separate wards in hospitals and separate toilets". Kathoey enfranchisement was made helped by the creation of separate toilets at the Lummahachaichumpol Temple in Rayong. American public toilets are regulated by two federal agencies. For non-work related restroom guidelines, the Department of Health and Human Services governs regulations. In many situations, building owners do not update existing features because it allows them to continue following the older building codes that go along with those older features. These regulations are mostly based on the precedent created by original legislation, though they sometimes also work to eliminate the longer wait time females often face by creating a ratio of more female restrooms than male restrooms. In May the U. Department of Education and the Justice Department indicated that single-sex schools and schools receiving federal money must treat transgender students consistent with their gender identity under Title IX of the Education Amendments of The male and female symbols displayed on a door together are often used to indicate a unisex toilet The United States Department of Labor 's Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA requires that employers provide accessible toilets for all employees, and that employers do not impose "unreasonable restrictions" on employees who wish to use toilets at work. However, this federal requirement for employers applies mainly to the physically disabled, and to women employed in male-dominated workplaces. OSHA historically has not applied this law to transgender employees. This ordinance directed all city bureaus to convert all "single-user gender-specific restrooms" into "all-user restrooms" within six months. Justice Department disagreed on the issue, resulting in the Justice department engaging in a civil rights lawsuit over North Carolina's ' bathroom bill ' in order to stop its implementation. This bill disallowed transgender people to use public toilets if the gender of the restroom does not match their birth certificate. In February , Michigan was the first state in the US to pass a bill that forces transgender children and teenagers in school to use sanitation facilities that correspond with their 'chromosomes and anatomy' at birth. These guidelines encouraged schools to let students use toilets or locker rooms that they identified with. All future primary and secondary schools will have non-segregated toilets. The Scottish Futures Trust which is in charge of Scotland's government's schools building program has already trialled this in one primary school and two secondary schools. This will be implemented in three schools first. The motive is in part an effort to make students of any gender to use the restroom and feel safe. Activists also say they hope that anyone - not only gender-nonbinary people - can feel safe, raising the convenience it provides to disabled people to get assistance from someone with a differing gender. It says that certain people feel threatened using facilities that do not adhere to their gender identity, and this can become an issue when students are harassed by their peers. The organization states that this is more of an issue in restrooms that are designated for male use than those that are designated for female use. First, women around the world petitioned for the right to their own facilities; next were racial minorities in the US during the time of segregation. After this fight, people with disabilities raised the issue to get fully equipped facilities. That fight ended with changes to building codes to make washroom more accessible. Now the issue concerns transgender and other gender variant people. Students that fit under this umbrella may identify as non-heterosexual. As of February , the university had 13 unisex bathrooms. Other British universities including Bradford Union, Sussex and Manchester, have already or are in the process of building unisex facilities.
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