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The Evolution Of Music (1400 B.C. - 2017)
Paul, Minnesota The practice of decorating soldiers' graves with flowers is an ancient custom. Some believe that an annual cemetery decoration practice began before the American Civil War and thus may reflect the real origin of the "memorial day" idea. In cases involving a family graveyard where remote ancestors as well as those who were deceased more recently are buried, this may take on the character of an extended family reunion to which some people travel hundreds of miles. People gather, put flowers on graves and renew contacts with relatives and others. There often is a religious service and a picnic-like "dinner on the grounds," the traditional term for a potluck meal at a church. On July 4, , ladies decorated soldiers' graves according to local historians in Boalsburg, Pennsylvania. The more than , soldiers of both sides who died in the Civil War meant that burial and memorialization took on new cultural significance. Under the leadership of women during the war, an increasingly formal practice of decorating graves had taken shape. In , the federal government began creating national military cemeteries for the Union war dead. Although Blight claimed that "African Americans invented Memorial Day in Charleston, South Carolina",  in , Blight stated that he "has no evidence" that the event in Charleston inspired the establishment of Memorial Day across the country. Logan of the Grand Army of the Republic , an organization of Union veterans founded in Decatur, Illinois , established Decoration Day as a time for the nation to decorate the graves of the Union war dead with flowers. Johnson designated an "official" birthplace of the holiday by signing the presidential proclamation naming Waterloo, New York , as the holder of the title. This action followed House Concurrent Resolution , in which the 89th Congress had officially recognized that the patriotic tradition of observing Memorial Day had begun one hundred years prior in Waterloo, New York. Welles and county clerk John B. Murray as the founders of the holiday. Scholars have determined that the Waterloo account is a myth. Logan issued a proclamation calling for "Decoration Day" to be observed annually and nationwide; he was commander-in-chief of the Grand Army of the Republic , an organization of and for Union Civil War veterans. One author claims that the date was chosen because it was not the anniversary of any particular battle. In , memorial events were held in cemeteries in 27 states, and in There was no standard program for the ceremonies, but they were typically sponsored by the Women's Relief Corps , the women's auxiliary of the Grand Army of the Republic GAR , which had , members. By , the remains of nearly , Union dead had been reinterred in 73 national cemeteries, located near major battlefields and thus mainly in the South. They mixed religion and celebratory nationalism for the people to make sense of their history in terms of sacrifice for a better nation. People of all religious beliefs joined together and the point was often made that the German and Irish soldiers had become true Americans in the "baptism of blood" on the battlefield. Historian Stuart McConnell reports: Finally came a simple and subdued graveyard service involving prayers, short patriotic speeches, and music National Park Service  and numerous scholars attribute the beginning of a Memorial Day practice in the South to the ladies of Columbus, Georgia. Across the South, associations were founded, many by women, to establish and care for permanent cemeteries for the Confederate dead, organize commemorative ceremonies, and sponsor appropriate monuments as a permanent way of remembering the Confederate dead. The most important of these was the United Daughters of the Confederacy , which grew from 17, members in to nearly , women by World War I. They were "strikingly successful at raising money to build Confederate monuments, lobbying legislatures and Congress for the reburial of Confederate dead, and working to shape the content of history textbooks. By , David Blight argues, the theme of American nationalism shared equal time with the Confederate. In July , veterans of the United States and Confederate armies gathered in Gettysburg to commemorate the fifty-year anniversary of the Civil War's bloodiest and most famous battle. Calendar" in terms of mobilizing public support for pensions. It advised family members to "exercise great care" in keeping the veterans sober. As the years went by, the GAR complained more and more about the younger generation. In , one Hoosier veteran complained that younger people born since the war had a "tendency The state legislature in rejected the race on that special day. But the new American Legion and local officials wanted the big race to continue, so Governor Warren McCray vetoed the bill and the race went on. James Heflin of Alabama gave the main address. Heflin was a noted orator; his choice as Memorial Day speaker was criticized, as he was opposed for his support of segregation; however, his speech was moderate in tone and stressed national unity and goodwill, gaining him praise from newspapers. The law took effect at the federal level in The United States Marine Band on Memorial Day Memorial Day endures as a holiday which most businesses observe because it marks the unofficial beginning of summer. The VFW stated in Changing the date merely to create three-day weekends has undermined the very meaning of the day. No doubt, this has contributed a lot to the general public's nonchalant observance of Memorial Day. Music is performed, and respect is paid to the men and women who gave their lives for their country. Across the United States, the central event is attending one of the thousands of parades held on Memorial Day in large and small cities. Most of these feature marching bands and an overall military theme with the Active Duty, Reserve, National Guard and Veteran service members participating along with military vehicles from various wars. Its opening lines refer to the fields of poppies that grew among the soldiers' graves in Flanders. In , the National American Legion adopted it as their official symbol of remembrance. With the Civil War, a new theme of death, sacrifice and rebirth enters the civil religion. Memorial Day gave ritual expression to these themes, integrating the local community into a sense of nationalism. The American civil religion, in contrast to that of France, was never anticlerical or militantly secular; in contrast to Britain, it was not tied to a specific denomination, such as the Church of England. The Americans borrowed from different religious traditions so that the average American saw no conflict between the two, and deep levels of personal motivation were aligned with attaining national goals. It incorporates Christian themes of sacrifice while uniting citizens of various faiths.
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