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Origins[ edit ] Durham Castle houses University College , making it one of the oldest buildings, that is currently being used to house a university, in the world   The strong tradition of theological teaching in Durham gave rise to various attempts to form a university there, notably under King Henry VIII and Oliver Cromwell , who issued letters patent and nominated a proctor and fellows for the establishment of a college in The Church University —[ edit ] An examination taking place in Cosin's Library , The university opened on 28 October In all but two of the bishops of the Church of England confirmed that they would accept holders of Durham degrees for ordination. In a fundamental statute was passed by the Dean and Chapter, as governors of the University, setting up Convocation and laying down that Durham degrees would only be open to members of the Church of England. Regulations for degrees were finalised in and the university was incorporated by Royal Charter granted by William IV on 1 June as the "Warden, Masters and Scholars of the University of Durham", with the first students graduating a week later. On the accession of Queen Victoria an order of the Queen-in-Council was issued granting the use of Durham Castle previously a palace of the Bishop of Durham to the university. Those attending University College were expected to bring a servant with them to deal with cooking, cleaning and so on. Elsewhere, the university expanded from Durham into Newcastle in when the medical school there established in became a college of the university. St Cuthbert's Society was founded in to cater for non-resident students in Durham although now mainly caters for resident students , while two teacher-training colleges — St Hild's for women, established in , and The College of the Venerable Bede for men, established in ,  also existed in the city. From these were associated with the university and graduates of St Hild's were the first female graduates from Durham in During the expansion phase the University also became the first English university to establish relationship with overseas institutions;  firstly in with Codrington College , Barbados, and secondly in early with Fourah Bay College , Sierra Leone. The Durham University Union was established in , and revived in when it took up the name of the Durham Union Society and moved to Palace Green. Medical degrees in Newcastle were exempt from this requirement from the start of the affiliation of the medical school, but in Durham it lasted until the revision of the statutes in However, "dissenters" were able to attend Durham and then sit the examinations for degrees of the University of London , which were not subject to any religious test. A parliamentary bill proposed in would have fixed the seat of the university in Durham for only ten years, allowing the Senate to choose to move to Newcastle after this. This was blocked by a local MP , with the support of graduates of the Durham colleges, until the bill was modified to establish a federal university with its seat fixed in Durham. This reform also removed the university from the authority of the Dean and Chapter of Durham Cathedral , who had been the governors of the university since its foundation. St Aidan's Society St Aidan's College from was founded in to cater for non-resident women and the decision was made to expand further on Elvet Hill where the science site had been established in the s , relocating St Mary's College, building a new men's colleges, vastly expanding the existing pure science provision in Durham, and adding applied science and engineering In the same year, tensions surfaced again over the Durham-Newcastle divide, with a proposal to change the name of the university to the "University of Durham and Newcastle". This motion was defeated in Convocation the assembly of members of the university by votes to The Graduate Society, catering for postgraduate students, was founded in renamed Ustinov College in and the now closed Roman Catholic seminary of Ushaw College , which had been in Durham since , was licensed as a hall of residence in In , the last men's college Hatfield became mixed, followed by the women's college of Trevelyan in , leaving the original women's college of St Mary's as the last single-sex college. However, Teesside, which had only become a university in , had difficulties in taking on its responsibilities for the college and withdrew in , Durham taking over full responsibility for UCS and the degrees to be awarded there. In , her golden jubilee year, the Queen granted the title "Queen's Campus" to the Stockton site. However, the official name of the institution remains the University of Durham and the official coat of arms is unchanged. This was the first new college to open in Durham itself since the s, at the creation of Collingwood. In addition to this facility both colleges at the campus benefit from their own college bars, managed centrally, however, and not by their JCRs. Criticised as being of dubious financial necessity and showing insensitivity to the surrounding population Durham being in the North East, one of England's worst-afflicted regions as regards smoking-related ill health ,  the controversy led to direct appeals to the then Chancellor Bill Bryson - to whose scheme for educating female Afghan students the donation had been made. The tobacco industry donation was not repaid. In November it was announced that the University would not be renewing its option on development of the site on the north bank of the Tees and would be holding a consultation on the future of the Queen's Campus. Durham City and Queen's Campus, Stockton. The two locations are connected via a free bus service that runs frequently throughout the week. One of the major public attractions in Durham City is the 7. The Durham City estate is spread across several different sites The Bailey is the historic centre of the University and contains 5 colleges as well as the departments of Music and of Theology and Religion, the Institute of Advanced Study and Palace Green Library, housing the University's special collections. Old Elvet was previously the site of the university's administration in Old Shire Hall, which has, since September , been based on the Mountjoy site, in the Palatine Centre on Stockton Road. Building work started in on a Centre for Teaching and Learning on the Montjoy site, to open in ;  the university also intends to bid new facilities for mathematics and computer science on the site, to open in Planning permission has been granted for accommodation for students at Mount Oswald on Elvet Hill, with construction excited to start in March ,   although one councillor described the plans as "a great disappointment", saying they were "something that could be seen in any university town". It hosts parts of the Business School and of the Centre for Catholic Studies, with the University having committed to leasing the East Wing until and to establishing a residential research library at Ushaw. This will prepare non-EU students to enter degree courses at the university, with the first students starting in September Bishop Cosin's Library on Palace Green an endowed public library dating from of which the University is the trustee , which contains medieval manuscripts and over 5, printed books, many early, and the Sudan Archive, described by the university as "the pre-eminent archive on the Sudan outside Khartoum". It is displayed equally in London and Durham, being shown at the University's Palace Green Library for the first time as part of the Lindisfarne Gospels Durham exhibition, 1 July — 30 September , and again subsequently. Readers are also entitled to use the theology library housed by Durham Cathedral in its cloister. This would be the first residential research library at a UK university, and would offer researchers access to the collections of Ushaw College and Durham Cathedral as well as the University's special collections at the Palace Green Library. It is planned that visiting researchers would also participate in the public engagement programme at Ushaw. Built in the s, the university's Oriental Museum grew predominantly from the acquisitions of the university's former School of Oriental Studies. The museum was opened in being the second university museum in England to allow admittance to the general public. Michaelmas term , which lasts 10 weeks from October to December; Epiphany term , which lasts nine weeks from January to March; and Easter term , which lasts nine weeks from April to June. All terms start on a Monday. The weeks of term are called "Teaching Weeks", numbered from 1 start of Michaelmas to 28 end of Easter , although this period is used for teaching and exams. Additionally, there is an "Induction Week" informally known as "Freshers' Week" or Week 0 for first year students prior to the start of Michaelmas term, starting on the first Monday in October. As such Heads of Departments must be satisfied that each student has attended all necessary tutorials, seminars and practical work throughout the term and vacation period.
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