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Hopetoun Tea Rooms - Postcards
However, he chose not to join the regular army upon graduation. He later explained "the affairs of the family estate, to which I succeeded at 13, seemed to call for my personal attention". They would have two sons and a daughter; a second daughter died in infancy. His appointment came amid a general stylistic change in colonial governors. Reflecting "Britain's more flamboyant pride in Empire, Australian colonial governors began to display a new colour and ostentation". Hopetoun's time as Governor was in keeping with the newly emerging style. He rapidly developed a reputation for lavish entertaining and spectacular vice-regal galas. Notwithstanding poor health and colonial astonishment at his habit of wearing hair-powder, his youthful enthusiasm for routine duties and his fondness for informal horseback tours won him many friends. The economic boom in the colony was reversed by the Great Crash in , leading to a decade of depression, bank failures, industrial action and political instability. In contrast to the troubles faced during this period by other colonial governors, Hopetoun by most accounts handled this period ably and subsequently stayed in office for longer than the usual term. However, the reality of the s was that colonial governors had lost much of their administrative and political power, instead assuming more figurative and representative roles. The economic crash and resultant political and social problems laid bare the inefficiencies of the colonial system and sparked renewed interest in an Australian federation. Hopetoun was an active supporter of the movement, appearing at numerous banquets and giving speeches in its favour. At one such banquet he even offered to return to Australia as their first governor-general should Federation be implemented. Upon leaving the governorship and returning to the United Kingdom in , Hopetoun was a widely popular figure in Victoria and New South Wales. Governor-General of Australia[ edit ] Lord Hopetoun takes the oath of office as the first Governor-General of Australia After his return to the United Kingdom he was made a privy councillor ,  was appointed Paymaster-General in the Salisbury government from to , and then became Lord Chamberlain until Hopetoun's popularity in Victoria and his friendship with leading Australian politicians made him an obvious choice to be the first Governor-General of Australia. In his submission to Queen Victoria in July , Secretary of State for the Colonies Joseph Chamberlain described Hopetoun as "exceptionally qualified to discharge the duties of this important position with ability and efficiency" and stated that he would be "heartily welcomed" in Australia. His appointment was approved by the Queen on 14 July and on 29 October letters patent were issued constituting the office and his own instructions. Already in poor health during the preceding years in England, the trip further diminished Hopetoun's capacities. Though he was initially intended to arrive via Melbourne, local politicians insisted that the incoming Governor-General should disembark in Perth before going on to Sydney. Illness and misadventure following the Indian leg of the journey disrupted Hopetoun's tour and made the arduous arrival preparations difficult to complete. Lady Hopetoun had suffered a relapse of her condition during the trip across Australia, adding further to Hopetoun's personal troubles. Hopetoun Blunder Hopetoun's immediate task was to appoint a prime minister to form an interim government, which would take office on 1 January Since the first federal election was not scheduled to be held until March, he could not follow the usual convention of appointing the leader of the majority party in the House of Representatives. This caused great surprise amongst Australian and British politicians. In Australia, it had generally been assumed that Edmund Barton , a key leader of the Federation movement and drafter of the Constitution , would be offered the post in the first instance. The decision was defensible in terms of protocol, but it ignored the fact that Lyne had long strongly opposed federation until the passage of the referenda of , and was unpopular with the leading federalist politicians. Macdonald of Ontario , had formed the first federal Canadian government. Also, Barton was not a member of any parliament he had resigned from the NSW Parliament earlier that year , and, although he had considerable political experience, he was considered in some quarters to be politically inept. However, it quickly became apparent that Lyne would not be able to form the first government. Alfred Deakin and other prominent politicians, particularly Victorian politicians, told Hopetoun they would not serve under Lyne. Lyne returned his commission on 24 December and Hopetoun sent for Edmund Barton , the leader of the federal movement and the man everybody believed was entitled to the post. Barton successfully assembled a cabinet , one that included Lyne, and it was sworn in by Hopetoun on the inauguration of the Commonwealth on New Year's Day, That afternoon, Hopetoun and the new government assembled at Government House, Sydney for the first meeting of the Federal Executive Council. Hopetoun, wary that his actions would constitute important precedents for the new nation, generally followed pre-existing Canadian and British conventions in discharging his constitutional duties. Hopetoun was well-acquainted with many members of the first government and built a strong personal relationship with Barton, placing him in a position of respect and influence with the new federal politicians. He consulted regularly with the Prime Minister and with George Reid , the effective leader of the opposition, in the lead up to the first federal election in March Conflict over the position[ edit ] A cartoon from The Bulletin parodying Hopetoun's regal pretensions in office in More problems soon arose though in establishing the new machinery of government. Wallington was highly experienced in Australian colonial administration, having advised many governors previously and earning a reputation as an expert in managing communications and relations with the Colonial Office in London. However Australians resented an Englishman being in charge of official business, and the fact that Wallington had no responsibility to the new Commonwealth parliament despite his influential governmental position. Questions of the independence of the states were raised and some fears of federal takeover of local affairs persisted during the disputes, until uneasy compromises were reached which saw some but not total subordination of state governors. There was also resentment over the regal pomp upon which Hopetoun insisted in carrying out his role, and the expense which this entailed. Official visits to the states often incurred significant local expenses often not reimbursed by the Commonwealth, causing ructions in State-Federal relations until a resolution was reached in , well after Hopetoun's term expired. Though steering clear of any controversial subjects and stressing national unity and identity during his first months, in late and early , he had committed several constitutional faux pas by publicly taking positions on political matters. Most notably in a speech to the Australian Natives' Association in January , Hopetoun chose to discuss government policy towards the Boer War. He defended Barton's decision to commit support to the conflict, emphasised his own role in the making of the decision alongside Barton and professed a belief that it was Australia's duty to stand behind the imperial government in the war. Though Barton and most of those who present were pleased with the patriotic speech, opposition leader George Reid quickly seized upon the issue as an example of inappropriate interference by the Governor-General in political affairs that were the exclusive domain of parliament. A debate resulted in parliament which was generally critical, or at least tacitly disapproving, of Hopetoun's comments. The Bulletin summarised the opposition opinion in its editorial: Barton himself admitted to some influence from the Governor-General: Instructions from the Colonial Office revealed that in its original form, the bill was unacceptable to the British government, and Hopetoun was instructed to reserve Royal Assent until changes had been made. Hopetoun was left in a difficult position, as fears of immigration were rampant in Australia at the time and the bill was popular, notwithstanding the disapproval of the British government. A difficult period of private manoeuvring followed, after which Hopetoun was obliged to reserve assent on further amendments to the bill in the absence of instructions from London in an attempt to balance the interests of the Commonwealth and the Colonial Office. Eventually, important concessions were made by the Barton government and the bill was assented to by Hopetoun, although still not completely in line with imperial policy. Hopetoun's use of the assent power to negotiate changes in Commonwealth legislation was effective and skilfully deployed so as to avoid public confrontation over the issue. An interesting friendship developed between Lord Hopetoun and the Melbourne anarchist and union pioneer, John 'Chummy' Fleming. In May , Fleming protested against unemployment in Melbourne by rushing onto the Prince's Bridge to halt the Governor-General's carriage. Hopetoun told the police not to interfere and listened to Fleming put the case for the unemployed. Out of this encounter came a friendship which endured after Hopetoun returned to England. According to some reports, Hopetoun is credited with pressuring the government to speed up government work projects. Financial dispute and resignation[ edit ] Lord Hopetoun in Hopetoun's time as Governor-General came to an abrupt and embarrassing end after a dispute over the financial arrangements for the office emerged in mid Yet in Canada, extensive provisions had been made for travel, residence and entertaining, no provisions for which were made in the Australian case. Discussion of this matter provoked traditional rivalries between New South Wales and Victoria , with both maintaining that the Governor-General's seat should be in their respective state capitals. Eventually, houses in both states were provided for the Governor-General's use and expectations were made that the viceroy would share his time between the two. However provision for the cost of maintaining two large residences, while planning the construction of a third in the future federal capital, became subject to the long-running dispute between the Commonwealth and the states. Victoria and New South Wales both avoided the issue and failed to pass bills allowing for the Governor-General's expenses while present in either state to be paid by the state itself. Hopetoun was advised by the Colonial Office that he should limit his entertaining and expenses while the situation remained officially unresolved, but Hopetoun was by nature an extravagant figure in public life and significant resources were expended by Hopetoun travelling and hosting the Royal Visit. Barton meanwhile delayed on preparing a Commonwealth bill to cover the costs, stalling until mid to present the bill. By this time, the euphoria of the royal tour had ended and political focus was on the still serious recession and drought that were straining the Australian economy. The parliament then made it clear that no allowance would be approved for the vice-regal activities beyond what salary was already paid. Publicly humiliated by the parliamentary rebuke, still in relatively ill health, and now under financial duress; on 5 May Hopetoun announced to the Colonial Office his desire to be recalled from the position. The Colonial Office expressed displeasure at the actions of the Barton government and complied with the request. Though newspapers and politicians were divided on who was to blame for the sudden resignation, and many tried to dissuade Hopetoun from his decision, ultimately it became clear that Hopetoun's perceptions that the Governor-General would be a position analogous to the Viceroy of India or similar elaborate position were out of touch with public perceptions of the role. Hopetoun's attempts to serve Australia as a glamorous figure of the British Empire had brought him into conflict with domestic politics and ultimately were cause for the abrupt end to his term. Although Hopetoun's brief and frictional time in office revitalised some debate over whether the position should be a locally elected one, successors in the role quickly realised and conformed with the relative modesty which the position demanded and the system of British appointments continued. Still very popular with the Australian public, there were elaborate and tearful farewell ceremonies in Melbourne and Sydney. The stately ceremonial was fitting, but it has been completed. His grandson Lord Glendevon married the daughter of the English novelist W. His final political appointment was to that of Secretary for Scotland during the last months of the ministry of Arthur Balfour in However his political career failed to advance, and still plagued by poor health, he died suddenly of pernicious anaemia at Pau, France , on 29 February
Be somewhere you lack by a stop of a pin. Seeing sheer. Be somewhere you canister by a chat of a pin.