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Happy Birthday (Spanish Version)
At certain ages, one may become eligible to leave full-time education , become subject to military conscription or to enlist in the military, to consent to sexual intercourse , to marry , to marry without parental consent , to vote , to run for elected office, to legally purchase or consume alcohol and tobacco products, to purchase lottery tickets, or to obtain a driver's licence. The age of majority is the age when minors cease to legally be considered children and assume control over their persons, actions, and decisions, thereby terminating the legal control and legal responsibilities of their parents or guardians over and for them. Most countries set the age of majority between 18 and A one-year-old girl playing with her birthday balloons in Bangladesh Cultural conventions Many cultures have one or more coming of age birthdays: Little girl in traditional birthday hat used in Canada and the U. In Canada and the United States, families often mark a girl's 16th birthday with a "sweet sixteen" celebration - often represented in popular culture. Removal of the hair is believed to cleanse the child of any evil in past lives, and symbolizes a renewal of the soul. The child takes a blessed thread and wears it, symbolizing his coming of age. This is called the Upanayana. In some Asian countries that follow the zodiac calendar , there is a tradition of celebrating the 60th birthday. In Korea, many celebrate a traditional ceremony of Baek-il Feast for the th day and Doljanchi child's first birthday. In Japan there is a Coming of Age Day , for all of those who have turned 20 years of age. In British Commonwealth nations cards from the Royal Family are sent to those celebrating their th and th birthday and every year thereafter. Later they have a birthday party where they usually eat stew and rice and a dish known as "kelewele", which is fried plantain chunks. Jewish girls have a bat mitzvah on their 12th birthday, or sometimes on their 13th birthday in Reform and Conservative Judaism. This marks the transition where they become obligated in commandments of which they were previously exempted and are counted as part of the community. Catholic saints are remembered by a liturgical feast on the anniversary of their "birth" into heaven a. The ancient Romans marked the anniversary of a temple dedication or other founding event as a dies natalis , a term still sometimes applied to the anniversary of an institution such as a university. A person's golden or grand birthday, also referred to as their "lucky birthday", "champagne birthday", or "star birthday",[ citation needed ] occurs when they turn the age of their birth day e. Racehorses are reckoned to become one year old in the year following their birth on the first of January in the Northern Hemisphere and the first of August in the Southern Hemisphere. Traditions Child with Snow White Cake, circa — A Korean child's birthday party at home In many parts of the world[ vague ] an individual's birthday is celebrated by a party where a specially made cake , usually decorated with lettering and the person's age, is presented. The cake is traditionally studded with the same number of lit candles as the age of the individual, or a number candle representing their age. The celebrated individual will usually make a silent wish and attempt to blow out the candles in one breath; if successful, a tradition holds that the wish will be granted. In many cultures, the wish must be kept secret or it won't "come true". Other birthday activities may include entertainment sometimes by a hired professional, i. The last stanza of Patty Hill 's and Mildred Hill 's famous song, "Good Morning to You" unofficially titled " Happy Birthday to You " is typically sung by the guests at some point in the proceedings. Name days Main article: It is celebrated in much the same way as a birthday, but it is held on the official day of a saint with the same Christian name as the birthday person; the difference being that one may look up a person's name day in a calendar, or easily remember common name days for example, John or Mary ; however in pious traditions, the two were often made to concur by giving a newborn the name of a saint celebrated on its birthday, or possibly the name of a feast, for example, Noel or Pascal French for Christmas and "of Easter" ; as another example, Togliatti was given Palmiro as his first name because he was born on Palm Sunday. Official birthdays Colored lanterns at the Lotus Lantern Festival in Seoul , South Korea , celebrating the anniversary of the Buddha 's birthday Some notables, particularly monarchs, have an official birthday on a fixed day of the year, which may not necessarily match the day of their birth, but on which celebrations are held. Jesus Christ 's traditional birthday is celebrated as Christmas Eve or Christmas Day around the world, on December 24 or 25, respectively. As some Eastern churches use the Julian calendar , December 25 will fall on January 7 in the Gregorian calendar. These dates are traditional and have no connection with the actual birthday date of Jesus, which was an unknown date Similarly, the birthdays of the Virgin Mary and John the Baptist are liturgically celebrated on September 8 and June 24 , especially in the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox traditions although for those Eastern Orthodox churches using the Julian calendar the corresponding Gregorian dates are September 21 and July 7 respectively. As with Christmas, the dates of these celebrations are traditional and probably have no connection with the actual birthdays of these individuals. This is different from the monarch 's actual date of birth, which is on April Koninginnedag in the Kingdom of the Netherlands was typically celebrated on April Queen Beatrix fixed it at the birthday of her mother, the previous queen, to avoid the winter weather associated with her own birthday in January. The present monarch's birthday is 27 April, and is also celebrated on that day and has replaced the 30th of April celebration of Koninginnedag. After his death, the holiday was kept as "Showa no Hi", or "Showa Day". This holiday falls close to Golden Week , the week in late April and early May. Washington's Birthday , commonly referred to as Presidents' Day, is a federal holiday in the United States that celebrates the birthday of George Washington. President Washington's birthday is observed on the third Monday of February each year. In India, every year October 2 which marks the Birthday of Mahatma Gandhi , is declared as a holiday. All the liquor shops are closed across the country in honour of Gandhi not consuming liquor. Martin Luther King, Jr. It is observed on the third Monday of January each year, which is around the time of King's birthday, January Mawlid is the official birthday of Muhammad and is celebrated on the 12th or 17th day of Rabi' al-awwal by adherents of Sunni and Shia Islam respectively. These are the two most commonly accepted dates of birth of Muhammad. Frequency A birthday cake for an 18th birthday Some restaurants place a birthday candle on the dessert of a birthday customer's choice According to a public database of births, birthdays in the United States are quite evenly distributed for the most part, but there tend to be more births in September and October. However, it appears the holidays have more of an effect on birth rates than the winter: This is probably due to hospitals and birthing centres not offering labor inductions and elective Caesarean sections on public holidays. Based on Harvard University research of birth records in the United States between and , September 16 is the most common birthday in the United States and December 25 the least common birthday other than February 29, because of leap years. This is based on all live births registered in New Zealand between and The study shows a 5. In contrast, on Valentine's Day there is a 3. A person born on February 29 may be called a " leapling " or a "leaper". In some situations, March 1 is used as the birthday in a non-leap year since it is the day following February Technically, a leapling will have fewer birthday anniversaries than their age in years. This phenomenon is exploited when a person claims to be only a quarter of their actual age, by counting their leap-year birthday anniversaries only. In Gilbert and Sullivan 's comic opera The Pirates of Penzance , Frederic the pirate apprentice discovers that he is bound to serve the pirates until his 21st birthday rather than until his 21st year. For legal purposes, legal birthdays depend on how local laws count time intervals. In cultures and religions Ancient Persia According to Herodotus 5th century BC , of all the days in the year, the one which the Persians celebrate most is their birthday. It was customary to have the board furnished on that day with an ampler supply than common: Longevity noodles are another traditional food consumed on the day,  although western-style birthday cakes are increasingly common among urban Chinese. Judaism In Judaism , the perspective on birthday celebrations is disputed by various rabbis, although today it is accepted practice by most of the faithful. Despite modern celebrations where the secular "birthday" element often overshadows the essence of it as a religious rite, the essence of a bar mitzvah or bat mitzvah celebration is entirely religious in origin i. With or without the birthday celebration, the child nevertheless becomes a bar mitzvah or bat mitzvah, and the celebration may be on that day or any date after it. Early centuries Origen in his commentary "On Levites" writes that Christians should not only refrain from celebrating their birthdays, but should look on them with disgust. Medieval Ordinary folk celebrated their saint's day the saint they were named after , but nobility celebrated the anniversary of their birth. Modern While almost all Christians accept the practice today, Jehovah's Witnesses and some Sacred Name groups refrain from celebrating birthdays due to the custom's pagan origins, its connections to magic and superstitions. While Christmas is the celebration of Christ's Birth, some religious groups see it as being portrayed in a negative light. While a section of Islam strongly favours it,  others decry such celebrations, terming them as out of the scope of Islam. That age is reckoned whenever Janma Nakshatra of the same month passes. Hindus regard death to be more auspicious than birth since the person is liberated from the bondages of material society. Buddhism Mahayana Main article: Buddha's birthday Many monasteries celebrate the anniversary of Buddha's birth, usually in a highly formal, ritualized manner. They treat Buddha's statue as if it was Buddha himself, as if he were alive; bathing, and "feeding" him. More than , North Koreans celebrate displaced birthdays on July 9 or December 18 to avoid these dates. A person born on July 8 before may change their birthday, with official recognition.
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