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Stars share New year Eve messages as they ring in 2018
Share this article Share Making e-cigarettes available on the NHS is expected to bring long-term health budget savings. The move has also been welcomed by the group Action on Smoking and Health. Cartridges used in the rechargeable devices contain 'pharmaceutical grade nicotine', according to British American Tobacco. This graphic shows how an e-cigarette works, with a cartridge containing 'pharmaceutical grade nicotine' At least 76, lives could be saved every year if all smokers switched to electronic cigarettes, according to Public Health England PHE. In August it was revealed that pilot schemes in North East England and Leicester had already started recommending e-cigarettes to patients through council smoking cessation services. But up until now GPs have been unable to recommend them because they were not properly licensed, unlike other nicotine replacement therapies such as gum, lozenges and patches. Several firms have submitted licence applications to the drugs regulator. The report did however admit that e-cigarettes are controversial, and many rail companies have banned their use on trains or in stations. E-cigarettes, also known as personal vaporisers PV or an electronic nicotine delivery system ENDS , give users a nicotine hit without burning tobacco leaves. When the user sucks on the e-cigarette, liquid nicotine is vaporised and absorbed through the mouth. When they breathe out, a plume of what appears to be smoke is emitted but it is actually largely water vapour. A battery-powered heating coil heats the liquid to form the vapour, with some of the designs involving a pressure sensor that is activated by the user taking a puff, while others have a button to heat them automatically. E-cigarettes, also known as personal vaporisers, give users a nicotine hit without burning tobacco leaves Q: How popular are they? Anti-smoking group Ash estimates there are now 2. Are they all the same? There are a huge variety of products on the market, and hundreds of different flavours. Cigalikes were the first kind of e-cigarettes, designed to look as much like a traditional cigarette as possible in order to make them more appealing to smokers. They use either disposable or replaceable cartridges. Because they are so small they can only be fitted with low-capacity batteries and need to be recharged more often than the larger tank-type e-cigarettes that were later developed and which can be refilled with 'e-liquid'. Cigalikes are often regarded as the 'entry level' to vaping, before users move on to larger models. What are the health risks? Numerous studies have been carried out, but as e-cigarettes are such a new product they can only look at the short-term effects. Public Health England PHE said that experts have calculated vaping to be at least 95 per cent less dangerous than smoking - or alternatively that smoking is 20 times more dangerous than using e-cigarettes. While cigarettes contain carcinogens and other toxic chemicals contained in tar from tobacco, e-cigarettes do not burn tobacco and so avoid delivering these substances. The main health issues surrounding e-cigarettes concern other ingredients, contaminants and by-products, which can generate some toxicants - but these are at the very low levels found in the air that people generally breathe. Should people switch immediately? But while e-cigarettes are far less dangerous than conventional cigarettes, health experts are not encouraging people to take up the habit for the sake of it. The emergence of e-cigarettes has given way to fears that they will act as a gateway to smoking conventional cigarettes among those who have never smoked - particularly children - but there is no evidence to support this. Share or comment on this article: NHS to prescribe first e-cigarettes in the New Year
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